A German-language novelist and short story writer, Franz Kafka (3 July 1883 – 3 June 1924), is highly regarded by literary critics and praised as one of the most influential 20th century authors.
His most famous works are The Metamorphosis (german, "Die Verwandlung"), The Trial (german, "Der Process"), and The Castle (german, Das Schloss). Featuring themes of parent-child conflict (he had a strained relationship with his father), mysterious transformations and transfigurations, and psychological struggles, The Metamorphosis is a strongly representative of Kafka's writings.
After being trained as a lawyer, Kafka took work at an insurance company. He was a prolific letter writer, expressing resentment that he lacked the time for his real passion -- writing -- because he had to spend so much time at his "day job."