Known by his pen name, Maxim Gorky, Alexei Maximovich Peshkov (March 1868 - June 1936) was a Russian writer, dramatist, and political activist. Part of the Socialist Realism movement, Maxim Gorky was
Orphaned at eleven, he ran away at twelve, and attempted suicide when he was nineteen and a half years old. After the suicide attempt he travelled across the Russian empire on foot for five years, changing jobs often and accumulating the experiences and impressions that he used later in his life as a writer.
A political activist, Gorkey was describe as simmer with anger and wanted to tell the true story of life in Russia. His chosen pseudonym "Gorky" translates directly as "bitter."