Ernest Hemingway (1899 - 1961) was an iconic American journalist and author, known for his brief and straightforward style of writing and for the gusto with which he lived his life. He participated in World War I and World War II; served as a war correspondent during the Spanish Civil War; survived car accidents and plane crashes as well as mishaps on hunting and fishing expeditions. And if that wasn't enough danger for one man, he crowned it with an exclamation point by marrying four times; Hadley Richardson (1921-1927), Pauline Pfeiffer (1927-1940), Martha Gellhorn (1940-1945) and Mary Welsh (1946-1961).
He is best known for his novels and most readers are familiar with The Sun Also Rises (1926), A Farewell to Arms (1929), For Whom the Bell Tolls (1940), and The Old Man and the Sea (1952). Though there were strong critics of his work -- particularly feminist-minded critics that were highly critical of his generally unflattering portrayal of female characters -- he received the Pulitzer Prize in 1953 for The Old Man and the Sea and the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1954.
Hemingway's novels and most of his acclaimed short stories are not available at this site since they are not in the public domain, with the exception of several newspaper articles, a few short stories and poems we feature from his 1923 collection Three Stories and Ten Poems.
Visit American Literature's American History for other important historical documents and figures which helped shape America.