Writing under the pen name George Orwell, Eric Arthur Blair (June, 1903 - January, 1950) was an English novelist, essayist, journalist and critic. He studied briefly under Aldous Huxley and was also a keen observer of culture. Disturbed by social injustice, he was committed to democratic socialism and opposed to totalitarianism.
He is widely known for his 1949 novel, Nineteen Eighty-Four (aka 1984) and his novella, Animal Farm (1945). His work continues to influence popular culture; words he's credited with introducing include: cold war, Big Brother, thought police, Room 101, doublethink, and thoughtcrime. "Orwellian" is commonly used to describe authoritarian or totalitarian practices.