A key figure of 19th century realism, Henry James, born in New York City in 1843, was an American born author who spent most of his life in Europe, and became a British subject in 1915. James wrote a series of novels about Americans encountering Europeans and their experiences in Europe. He tended to write a tale within a tale, exploring issues of perception and consciousness, from the characters' point of view.
Daisy Miller (1879) is considered one of his masterpieces, as well as The Portrait of a Lady (1881), and The Bostonians (1886), published during the emergent feminist movement.
James suffered a stroke in December 1915 and died in London in 1916, leaving behind an incredibly prolific and broad range of work, influencing countless authors who followed his lead in literary realism.