Fathers and Sons

Fathers and Sons

The literal translation of this 1862 novel is Fathers and Children. Turgenev's young protagonists are Arkady and Bazarov, both caustic young men who reject authority and social conventions-- much to Arkady's father Nikolai's horror-- which unleashes a whole series of scandals, and misunderstandings. Readers will come to appreciate the meaning of nihilism. The novel is often studied in high school grades 9-10. Its sequel, Smoke is Turgenev's 1867 novel, a critique of social reforms undertaken by the charlatan "intellectuals" who would shape Russia's future.

Table of Contents

Biographical Note

Criticisms and Interpretations

List of Characters

Chapter I

Chapter II

Chapter III

Chapter IV

Chapter V

Chapter VI

Chapter VII

Chapter VIII

Chapter IX

Chapter X

Chapter XI

Chapter XII

Chapter XIII

Chapter XIV

Chapter XV

Chapter XVI

Chapter XVII

Chapter XVIII

Chapter XIX

Chapter XX

Chapter XXI

Chapter XXII

Chapter XXIII

Chapter XXIV

Chapter XXV

Chapter XXVI

Chapter XXVII

Chapter XXVIII

Return to the Ivan S. Turgenev library.

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