Smoke (1867) is considered a sequel to his most famous novel, Fathers and Sons, a critique of social reform in which he is apprehensive about the "intellectuals" who became responsible for shaping of future Russia. He considers the "new thoughts" of these charlatans as "no more than smoke--dirty, evil-smelling smoke." Turgenev's character, Irina is considered the finest feminine psychology of all his novels. The novel was translated by Constance Garnett.
Return to the Ivan S. Turgenev library.