BASS FAITHFUL TO HIS WORD HIS ARRIVAL ON CHRISTMAS EVE THE DIF- FICULTY OF OBTAINING AN INTERVIEW THE MEETING IN THE CABIN
NON- ARRIVAL OF THE LETTER BASS ANNOUNCES HIS INTENTION TO PRO- CEED NORTH CHRISTMAS CONVERSATION BETWEEN EPPS AND BASS
YOUNG MISTRESS m'cOY, THE BEAUTY OF BAYOU BCEUF THE "NE PLUS
ULTRA" OF DINNERS MUSIC AND DANCING PRESENCE OF THE MISTRESS
HER EXCEEDING BEAUTY THE LAST SLAVE DANCE WILLIAM PIERCE
OVERSLEEP MYSELF THE LAST WHIPPING DESPONDENCY THE COLD
MORNING EPPS' THREATS THE PASSING CARRIAGE STRANGERS AP- PROACHING THROUGH THE COTTON-FIELD LAST HOUR ON BAYOU BCEUF.
Faithful to his word, the day before Christmas, just at night-fall, Bass came riding into the yard.
"How are you," said Epps, shaking him by the hand, " glad to see you."
He would not have been very glad had he known the object of his errand.
"Quite well, quite well," answered Bass. "Had some business out on the bayou, and concluded to call and see you, and stay over night."
Epps ordered one of the slaves to take charge of his horse, and with much talk and laughter they pass- ed into the house together ; not, however, until Bass bad looked at me significantly, as much as to say,
2S0 TWELVE TEAES A SLAVE.
" Keep dark, we understand each other." It was ten o'clock at night before the labors of the day were per- formed, when I entered the cabin. At that time Un- cle Abram and Bob occupied it with me. I laid down upon my board and feigned I was asleep. When my companions had fallen into a profound slumber, I moved stealthily out of the door, and watch- ed, and listened attentively for some sign or sound from Bass. There I stood until long after midnight, but nothing could be seen or heard. As I suspected, he dared not leave the house, through fear of exciting the suspicion of some of the family. I judged, correct- y, he would rise earlier than was his custom, and take the opportunity of seeing me before Epps was up. Accordingly I aroused Uncle Abram an horn* sooner than usual, and sent him into the house to build a fire, which, at that season of the year, is a part of Uncle Abram's duties.
I also gave Bob a violent shake, and asked him if he intended to sleep till noon, saying master would be up before the mules were fed. He knew right well the consequence that would follow such an event, and, jumping to his feet, was at the horse-pasture in a twinkling.
Presently, when both were gone, Bass slipped into the cabin.
" No letter yet, Piatt," said he. The announce- ment fell upon my heart like lead.
" Oh, do write again, Master Bass," I cried ; " I will give you the names of a great many I know.
THE MEETING TN THE CABIN. 281
Surely they are not all dead. Surely some one will pity me."
" ]STo use," Bass replied, "no use. I have made up my mind to that. I fear the Marksville post-master will mistrust something, I have inquired so often at his office. Too uncertain — too dangerous."
" Then it is all over," I exclaimed. " Oh, my God, how can I end my days here !"
" You're not going to end them here," he said, " un- less you die very soon. I've thought this matter all over, and have come to a determination. There are more ways than one to manage this business, and a better and surer way than writing letters. I have a job or two on hand which can be completed by March or April. By that time I shall have a considerable sum of money, and then, Piatt, I am going to Sarato- ga myself."
I could scarcely credit my own senses as the words fell from his lips. But he assured me, in a manner that left no doubt of the sincerity of his intention, that if his life was spared until spring, he should certainly undertake the journey.
" I have lived in this region long enough," he con- tinued ; " I may as well be in one place as another. For a long time I have been thinking of going back once more to the place where I was born. I'm tired of Slavery as well as you. If I can succeed in getting you away from here, it will be a good act that I shall like to think of all my life. And I shall succeed,
282 TWELVE YEARS A SLAVE.
Piatt ; I'm hound to do it. Now let me tell you what I want. Epps will be up soon, and it won't do to be caught here. Think of a great many men at Sarato- ga and Sandy Hill, and in that neighborhood, who once knew you. I shall make excuse to come here again in the course of the winter, when I will write down their names. I will then know who to call on when I go north. Think of all you can. Cheer up ! Don't be discouraged. I'm with you, life or death. Good-bye. God bless you," and saying this he left the cabin quickly, and entered the great house.
It was Christmas morning — the happiest day in the whole year for the slave. That morning he need not hurry to the field, with his gourd and cotton-bag. Happiness sparkled in the eyes and overspread the countenances of all. The time of feasting and dancing had come. The cane and cotton fields were deserted. That day the clean dress was t® be donned — the red ribbon displayed ; there were to be re-unions, and joy and laughter, and hurrying to and fro. It was to be a day of liberty among the children of Slavery. Wherefore they were happy, and rejoiced.
After breakfast Epps and Bass sauntered about the yard, conversing upon the price of cotton, and va- rious other topics.
"Where do your niggers hold Christmas ?" Bass in- quired.
"Piatt is going to Tanners to-day. His fiddle is in great demand. They want him at Marshall's Mon-
ErPS' COVEKSATTON WITH BASS. 283
day, and Miss Maiy McCoy, on tlie old Norwood plantation, writes me a note that she wants him to play for her niggers Tuesday."
" He is rather a smart boy, ain't he ?" said Bass. " Come here, Piatt," he added, looking at me as I walked up to them, as if he had never thought before to take any special notice of me.
" Yes," replied Epps, taking hold of my arm and feeling it, " there isn't a bad joint in him. There ain't a boy on the bayou worth more than he is — perfect- ly sound, and no bad tricks. D — n him, he isn't like other niggers ; doesn't look like 'em — don't act like 'em. I was offered seventeen hundred dollars for him last week."
" And didn't take it ?" Bass inquired, with an air of surprise.
" Take it — no ; devilish clear of it. Why, he's a reg'lar genius ; can make a plough beam, wagon tongue — anything, as well as you can. Marshall wanted to put up one of his niggers agin him and raf- fle for them, but I told him I would see the devil have him first."
" I don't see anything remarkable about him," Bass observed.
" "Why, just feel of him, now," Epps rejoined. " You don't see a boy very often put together any closer than he is. He's a thin-skin'd cuss, and won't bear as much whipping as some ; but he's got the muscle in him, and no mistake.
Bass felt of me, turned me round, and made a
284: TWELVE TEAKS A SLAVE.
thorough examination, Epps all the while dwelling on my good points. But his visitor seemed to take but little interest finally in the subject, and consequently it was dropped. Bass soon departed, giving me an- other sly look of recognition and significance, as he trotted out of the yard.
When he was gone I obtained a pass, and started for Tanner's — not Peter Tanner's, of whom mention has previously been made, but a relative of his. I played during the day and most of the night, spend- ing the next day, Sunday, in my cabin. Monday I crossed the bayou to Douglas Marshall's, all Epps' slaves accompanying me, and on Tuesday went to the old Norwood place, which is the third plantation above Marshall's, on the same side of the water.
This estate is now owned hj Miss Mary McCoy, a lovely girl, some twenty years of age. She is the beau- ty and the glory of Bayou Bceuf. She owns about a hundred working hands, besides a great many house servants, yard boys, and young children. Her broth- er-in-law, who resides on the adjoining estate, is her general agent. She is beloved by all her slaves, and good reason indeed have they to be thankful that they have fallen into such gentle hands. Nowhere on the bayou are there such feasts, such merrymaking, as at young Madam McCoy's. Thither, more than to any other place, do the old and the young for miles around love to repair in the time of the Christmas holidays ; for nowhere else can they find such delicious repasts ; nowhere else can they hear a voice speaking to them
CHRISTMAS DINNER. 285
bo pleasantly. ISTo one is so well beloved — no one fills so large a space in the hearts of a thousand slaves, as young Madam McCoy, the orphan mistress of the old Norwood estate.
On my arrival at her place, I found two or three hundred had assembled. The table was prepared in a long building, which she had erected expressly for her slaves to dance in. It was covered with every variety of food the country afforded, and was pro- nounced by general acclamation to be the rarest of dinners. Roast turkey, pig, chicken, duck, and all kinds of meat, baked, boiled, and broiled, formed a line the whole length of the extended table, while the vacant spaces were filled with tarts, jellies, and frost- ed cake, and pastry of many kinds. The young mis- tress walked around the table, smiling and saying a kind word to each one, and seemed to enjoy the scene exceedingly.
When the dinner was over the tables were remov- ed to make room for the dancers. I tuned my violin and struck up a lively air ; while some joined in a nimble reel, others patted and sang their simple but melodious songs, filling the great room with music mingled with the sound of human voices and the clat- ter of many feet.
In the evening the mistress returned, and stood in the door a long time, looking at us. She was magnifi- cently arrayed Her dark hair and eyes contrasted strongly with her clear and delicate complexion. Her form was slender but commanding, and her
286 TWELVE TEAES A SLAVE.
movement was a combination of unaffected dignity and grace. As she stood there, clad in her rich ap- parel, her face animated with pleasure, I thought I had never looked upon a human being half so beautiful. I dwell with delight upon the description of this fair and gentle lady, not only because she inspired me with emotions of gratitude and admiration, but be- cause I would have the reader understand that all slave-owners on Bayou Bceuf are not like Epps, or Tibeats, or Jim Burns. Occasionally can be found, rarely it may be, indeed, a good man like "William Ford, or an angel of kindness like young Mistress McCoy.
Tuesday concluded the three holidays Epps yearly allowed us. On my way home, Wednesday morning, while passing the plantation of William Pierce, that gentleman hailed me, saying he had received a line from Epps, brought down by William Yarnell, per- mitting him to detain me for the purpose of playing for his slaves that night. It was the last time I was destined to witness a slave dance on the shores of Ba- you Bceuf. The party at Pierce's continued their jol- lification until broad daylight, when I returned to my master's house, somewhat wearied with the loss of rest, but rejoicing in the possession of numerous bits and picayunes, which the whites, who were pleased with my musical performances, had contributed.
On Saturday morning, for the first time in years, I overslept myself. I was frightened on coming out of the cabin to find the slaves were already in the field.
THE LAST WHIPPING. 287
They had preceded me some fifteen minutes. Leav- ing my dinner and water-gourd, I hurried after them as fast as I could move. It was not yet sunrise, but Epps was on the piazza as I left the hut, and cried out to me that it was a pretty time of day to be getting up. By extra exertion my row was up when he came out after breakfast. This, however, was no excuse for the offence of oversleeping. Bidding me strip and lie down, he gave me ten or fifteen lashes, at the conclu- sion of which he inquired if I thought, after that, I could get up sometime in the morning. I expressed myself quite positively that I could, and, with back stinging with pain, went about my work.
The following day, Sunday, my thoughts were upon Bass, and the probabilities and hopes which hung upon his action and determination. I considered the uncertainty of life ; that if it should be the will of God that he should die, my prospect of deliverance, and all expectation of happiness in this world, would be wholly ended and destroyed. My sore back, perhaps, did not have a tendency to render me unusually cheer- ful. I felt down-hearted and unhappy all day long, and when I laid down upon the hard board at night, my heart was oppressed with such a load of grief, it seemed that it must break.
Monday morning, the third of January, 1853, we were in the field betimes. It was a raw, cold morn- ing, such as is unusual in that region. I was in ad- vance, Uncle Abram next to me, behind him Bob, Patsey and Wiley, with our cotton-bags about our
288 TWELVE TEARS A SLAVE.
necks. Epps happened (a rare thing, indeed,) to come out that morning without his whip. He swore, in a manner that would shame a pirate, that we were do- ing nothing. Bob ventured to say that his fingers were so numb with cold he couldn't pick fast. Epps cursed himself for not having brought his rawhide, and declared that when he came out again he would warm us well ; yes, he would make us all hotter than that fiery realm in which I am sometimes compelled to believe he will himself eventually reside.
"With these fervent expressions, he left us. "When out of hearing, we commenced talking to each other, saying how hard it was to be compelled to keep up our tasks with numb fingers ; how unreasonable mas- ter was, and speaking of him generally in no flatter- ing terms. Our conversation was interrupted by a carriage passing rapidly towards the house. Looking up, we saw two men approaching us through the cot- ton-field.
Having now brought down this narrative to the last hour I was to spend on Bayou Bceuf — having got- ten through my last cotton picking, and about to bid Master Epps farewell — I must beg the reader to go back with me to the month of August ; to follow Bass' letter on its long journey to Saratoga; to learn the effect it produced — and that, while I was repining and despairing in the slave hut of Edwin Epps, through the friendship of Bass and the goodness of Providence, all things were working together for my deliverance.